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Table 1 Risk factors for developing leptospirosis (univariate analysis).

From: Outbreak of leptospirosis among triathlon participants in Germany, 2006

Risk Case patients exposed
n (%)
Healthy individuals
n (%)
RR p-value
Wounds 3 (100) 20 (25) n.d. 0.02
Swallowing Water 3 (100) 100 (95) n.d. 0.7
Eye Protection 5 (100) 122 (90) n.d. 1
Traveling 2 (40) 58 (44) 0.9 1
Gardening 0 (0) 31 (23) n.d. 0.6
Farming 0 (0) 7 (5) n.d. 1
Contact to animals 1 (20) 5 (4) 5.5 0.2
Male sex 3 (60) 113 (84) 0.3 0.2
Previous freshwater contact 3 (75) 77 (58) 2.2 0.6
  1. n.d.: not defined.