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Table 1 Demographic data, clinical presentation and outcome

From: Tuberculous meningitis in Denmark: a review of 50 cases

  Danes (n = 11) Immigrants (n = 39)
Male sex (%) 6 (54) 18 (46)
Age, median (range), years 17 (1-52) 34 (1-71)
Pre-existing diseases or conditions (%) 6 (54) 26 (67)
HIV infected patients (%) 1 (9) 4 (10)
Symptom duration, median (range), days 14 (3-180) 20 (5-180)
General symptoms & signs   
   Fever (%) 11 (100) 31 (79)
   Headache (%) 5 (45) 31 (79)
   Meningeal stiffness (%) 2 (18) 19 (49)
   Weightloss (%) 4 (36) 14 (36)
Neurological symptoms   
   Confusion (%) 6 (54) 20 (51)
   Cranial nerve paralysis (%) 4 (36) 14 (36)
   Convulsions (%) 1 (9) 7 (18)
Extra-cerebral TB manifestations   
   Pulmonary TB (%) 6 (54) 17 (44)
   Other localizations (%) 1 (9) 9 (23)
Delay in treatment, median (range), days 7 (0-30) 3-4 (0-52)
Outcome*   
   Full recovery (%) 2 (18) 14 (38)
   Sequelae (%) 6 (54) 17 (46)
   Death (%) 3 (27) 6 (16)
  1. *n = 37 in the immigrant group as two patients were lost for follow-up