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Table 1 Risk factors for recurrence of chronic suppurative osteomyelitis of the jaw

From: Risk factors of recurrence and life-threatening complications for patients hospitalized with chronic suppurative osteomyelitis of the jaw

Variable No. of recurrence/Total no. of patients (%) Univariate analyses Multivariate analyses
OR(95% CI) P OR(95% CI) P
Age      
<6 3/24 (12.5) 0.31(0.07-1.46) 0.138 0.05(0.01-0.31) 0.002*
6-12 1/4 (25.0) 0.72(0.06-8.46) 0.796 0.11(0.01-1.63) 0.109
13-65 32/229 (14.0) 0.35(0.13-0.99) 0.048* 0.09(0.02-0.37) 0.001*
>65 6/19 (31.6) 1(ref.)#   1(ref.)  
Sex      
Male 26/165 (15.8) 1.11(0.57-2.18) 0.761 1.57(0.71-3.49) 0.270
Female 16/111 (14.4) 1(ref.)   1(ref.)  
Occupation      
Farmer 29/168 (17.3) 1.36(0.29-6.34) 0.699 0.77(0.15-3.80) 0.743
Worker 5/42 (11.9) 0.88(0.15-5.09) 0.885 0.35(0.05-2.76) 0.319
Student 3/25 (12.0) 0.89(0.13-6.02) 0.902 0.89(0.13-6.02) 0.902
Staff 2/15 (13.3) 1.00(0.12-8.21) 1.000 1.00(0.12-8.21) 1.000
Cadre 1/11 (9.1) 0.65(0.05-8.23) 0.739 0.67(0.06-7.05) 0.736
Other 2/15 (13.3) 1(ref.)   1(ref.)  
PAAA      
Yes 32/158 (20.3) 2.74(1.29-5.84) 0.009* 6.52(2.21-19.28) 0.001*
No 10/118 (8.5) 1(ref.)   1(ref.)  
Location 8/26 (30.8) 3.56(1.02-12.39) 0.046* 8.58(2.08-35.31) 0.003*
Mandibular ramus 2/13 (15.4) 1.46(0.25-8.54) 0.678 3.25(0.59-18.06) 0.178
Posterior maxilla 4/32 (12.5) 0.57(0.14-2.26) 0.425 3.43(0.78-15.15) 0.104
Anterior maxilla 23/181 (12.7) 1.69(0.60-4.74) 0.320 2.38(0.88-6.40) 0.087
Posterior mandible 5/45 (11.1) 1(ref.)   1(ref.)  
Anterior mandible      
Concurrent MSI 17/54 (32.4) 3.62(1.78-7.36) 0.000* 2.73(1.23-6.03) 0.013*
Yes 25/222 (11.3) 1(ref.)   1(ref.)  
No      
Conservation of PT 11/34 (32.4) 3.49(1.11-12.21) 0.000* 7.21(3.23-21.48) 0.001*
Yes 26/204 (12.7) 1(ref.)   1(ref.)  
No      
  1. #: Set the last item of each class as a reference with the odds ratio for “1” in Logistic regression analysis.
  2. *: P < 0.05.
  3. Key to the abbreviations:
  4. No.: Number; OR: Odds ratio; P: P-value; CI: confidence interval; PAAA: pre-admission antibiotic administration; MSI: Maxillofacial space infection; PT: pathogenic teeth; ref.: reference.