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Table 2 Associations between vitamin D status and clinical and therapeutic characteristics (univariate analysis) – only associated factors with a p value < 0.20 are shown in this table

From: Severe hypovitaminosis D correlates with increased inflammatory markers in HIV infected patients

   All patients Severe 25-(OH) vitamin D3 deficiency (<10ng/ml) Moderate 25-(OH) vitamin D3 deficiency (10–30 ng/ml) 25-(OH) Vitamin D3 >30 ng/ml p value
   N = 263 N = 95 (36%) N = 135 (51%) N = 33 (13%)  
Sex M, n (%) 188 (72%) 75 (79%) 89 (66%) 24 (69%) 0.10
  F, n (%) 75 (28%) 20 (21%) 46 (34%) 9 (31%)  
Age (years) mean +/− SD 48 +/− 10 49 +/−9 46 +/−10 51 +/−12 0.03
Ethnicity non-African origin, n (%) 230 (87%) 87 (92%) 112 (83%) 31 (94%) 0.07
  African origin, n (%) 33 (13%) 8 (8%) 23 (17%) 2 (6%)  
Past history of falls, n (%) 120 (46%) 53 (57%) 55 (41%) 12 (36%) 0.03
Co-infections Positive HBs antigenemia 14 (5.3%) 8 (8%) 6 (4%) 0 (0%) 0.14
  Positive HCV serology, n (%) 57 (22%) 33 (35%) 18 (14%) 6 (18%) 0.12
Past smokers, n (%) 52 (20%) 20 (21%) 25 (19%) 7 (21%) 0.003
Active smokers, n (%) 120 (46%) 55 (59%) 50 (37%) 14 (45%) 0.003
Sun exposure (min),mean +/− SD 106 +/− 114 93 +/− 108 102 +/− 111 157 +/− 132 0.02
Length of HIV infection (yrs), mean +/−SD 13 +/− 8 16 +/−8 12 +/−7 12 +/−8 0.0008
NRTI exposure (months), mean +/− SD 95 +/− 71 108 +/−70 89 +/−69 84 +/−73 0.08
Lipodystrophy, n (%) 65 (25%) 29 (31%) 31 (23%) 5 (15%) 0.005
Karnofsky’s Index (%), mean +/− SD 92 +/− 14 89 +/−17 92 +/−17 97+/−7 0.008
  1. M: male, F: female, NRTI: nucleoside reverse transciptase inhibitor, HBV: hepatitis B infection, HCV: hepatitis C infection.