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Table 4 Multivariate logistic regression analyses of factors associated with HIV suppression (<50 copies/mL) among 225 HIV-infected patients

From: Current drug use and lack of HIV virologic suppression: point-of-care urine drug screen versus self-report

Variable Model 1: overall Model 2: ART users
(N = 225) (N = 178)
Adjusted OR 95% CI P-value Adjusted OR 95% CI P-value
Sex (male vs. female) 1.38 0.63-3.02 0.42 1.29 0.53-3.18 0.57
Age, 1 year increase 1.01 0.97-1.05 0.54 1.02 0.97-1.07 0.33
Race (Caucasian vs. non-Caucasian) 2.50 1.10-5.68 0.03 3.29 1.20-9.06 0.02
CD4 count, 10 cells/uL increase 1.003 1.001-1.004 <0.01 1.003 1.001-1.004 <0.01
Current use of ART 8.29 3.08-22.30 <0.01    
Missed at least one dose of ART in past 4 days     0.93 0.37-2.35 0.87
Current drug use by UDS 0.33 0.15-0.73 <0.01 0.38 0.15-0.94 0.04
Unhealthy alcohol use 1.12 0.52-2.44 0.77 1.02 0.43-2.44 0.97
Major depression (≥moderate level) 0.72 0.31-1.69 0.44 0.89 0.32-2.43 0.81
  1. OR: odds ratio; CI: confidence interval; UDS: urine drug screen.