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Table 1 Demographic and clinical characteristics of older (≥ 50 years) and younger (20–35 years) HIV-positive subjects in the period 1997–2003.

From: Older age does not influence CD4 cell recovery in HIV-1 infected patients receiving Highly Active Anti Retroviral Therapy

  Older n = 120 (%) Younger n = 476 (%) p
Male sex 91(76) 285 (60) <0.01
Age (mean ± SD), years 58 ± 5.1 31 ± 3.2 <0.01
Risk factor of HIV infection    
Heterosexual 62(52) 199(42) 0.1
No risk reported 32(27) 119 (25) 0.6
Homosexual 19(16) 57 (12) 0.2
Injection drug users 6(5) 104(22) <0.01
Months between first HIV+ test and AIDS (mean ± SD) 1.8 ± 7.8 3.3 ± 6.7 0.4
Stage C of HIV infection* 62 (52) 114 (24) <0.01
PCP 9 (8) 14 (3) 0.02
HIV encephalopathy 9 (8) 9 (2) <0.01
Kaposi 8 (7) 5 (1) <0.01
Candidiasis 8 (7) 43 (9) 0.5
Cryptococcosis 5 (4) 1 (0.3) <0.01
Mycobacteriosis 4 (3) 5 (1) 0.2
Cryptosporidiosis 4 (3) 5 (1) 0.06
Tuberculosis 4 (3) 14 (3) 0.7
Isosporiasis 1 (1) 0 0.2
Bacterial pneumonia 1 (1) 0 0.2
Wasting syndrome 1 (1) 9 (2) 0.5
Toxoplasmosis 0 9 (2) 0.1
Cytomegalovirus retinitis 0 1 (0.3) 0.6
Lymphoma 7 (6) 9 (2) 0.05
CD4+ T cell/mm3 (mean ± SD)** 59.1 ± 65.3 105.3 ± 127.4 0.04
Deaths 16 (13) 14 (3) <0.01
  1. *see Ref. n° 21; **at AIDS diagnosis;