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Table 5 Risk factors associated with MDR HA-UTI

From: Epidemiology and risk factors for multi-drug resistant hospital-acquired urinary tract infection in patients with liver cirrhosis: single center experience in Serbia

Risk factor Univariate analysis Multivariate analysis
OR (95% CI) p aOR (95% CI) p
Age > 65 years 6.33 (1.66–24.10) < 0.001 4.23 (1.39–12.89) 0.007
Autoimmune etiology of cirrhosis 8.50 (1.39–12.89) 0.006 3.88 (0.82–6.22) 0.08
Antibiotic use in the previous 7 days 3.30 (1.16–9.37) 0.002 2.66 (0.91–3.08) 0.29
Cephalosporin prophylaxis 4.70 (1.18–18.70) 0.001 3.61 (1.81–17.24) 0.04
Hepatic encephalopathy 3.38 (1.22–9.41) < 0.001 4.99 (1.44–17.30) 0.01
BUN 1.08 (1.00–1.61) 0.01 1.01 (1.00–1.03) 0.14
Serum ferritin 1.01 (1.01–1.87) 0.04 0.84 (0.47–1.68) 0.62
  1. This table presents risk factors associated with developement of MDR HA-UTI. MDR Multi-drug resistant, HA Hospital acquired, UTI Urinary tract infection, OR Odds ratio, CI Confidence interval, aOR Adjusted odds ratio, BUN Blood urea nitrogen