Skip to main content

Table 1 Clinical classification of cases based on to single and paired serum sample algorithm

From: Usefulness of paired samples for the Serodiagnosis of toxoplasmosis infection in a tertiary teaching Hospital in Malaysia

Study Group n Single Serum Sample, n (%) Paired Serum Sample, n (%)
Acute Chronic Early Acute Reactivation Recent Possible congenital infection Passive immunity from mother Latent
Clinical Classification based on Serological Findings
 Pregnant Women 82 7 (8.5) 75 (91.5) 2 (2.4) 13 (15.8) 5 (6.1) 62 (75.6)
 Newborn and Infant 141 3 (2.1) 138 (97.9) 3 (2.1) 6 (4.3) 132 (93.6)
 Child > 1 years old 8 8 (100) 2 (25.0) 6 (75.0)
 Immunocompromised 66 2 (3.0) 64 (97.0) 2 (3.0) 29 (43.9) 35 (53.0)
 Ocular Toxoplasmosis 50 2 (4.0) 48 (96.0) 2 (4.0) 1 (2.0) 16 (32.0) 1 (2.0) 30 (60.0)
 Mother 135 2 (1.5) 133 (98.5) 1 (0.7) 1 (0.7) 5 (3.7) 1 (0.7) 127 (94.1)
 Suggestive of active cases 482 Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No No
16 (3.3) 466 (96.7) 90 (18.7) 392 (81.3)
Treatment Initiation based on Serological and Clinical Findings
 Pregnant Women 82 2/7 1/75 2/2 2/13 0/5 0/62
 Newborn and Infant 141 3/3 0/138 3/3 0/6 0/132
 Child > 1 years old 8 1/8 1/2 0/6
 Immunocompromised 66 2/2 29/64 2/2 29/29 2/35
 Immunocompetent 185 3/4 16/181 3/3 2/2 11/21 1/2 3/157
 Ocular 50 2/2 16/48 2/2 1/1 11/16 1/1 3/30
 Mother 135 1/2 0/133 1/1 1/1 0/5 0/1 0/127
 Treatment initiation based on serology and clinical findings 482 10 (2.1) 47 (9.8) 56 (11.6) 5 (1.0)