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Table 1 Demographic statistics (n = 550)

From: Exploring the complex relationship between women’s sanitation practices and household diarrhea in the slums of Nairobi: a cross-sectional study

  Total Recent Diarrhea  
Freq % No Yes Χ2
Outcome
 Recent diarrhea in household 91 16.5 459 91
 Proportion children < 5 years 44 8.0 506 44
Socio-Economic Factors
 Age (continuous) 32.2 (8.36) 1.03**†
 Education 1.79
  Less than complete primary 102 18.5 86 16
  Completed primary 136 24.7 112 24
  Some secondary 122 22.2 98 24
  Completed secondary 190 34.5 163 27
 Employed 250 45.5 198 52 6.01*
 Married 299 54.4 253 46 0.64
 Has children 449 81.6 363 86 12.05**
 Household income 12.27**
  Less than Ksh 5000/month (US$50) 138 25.1 118 20
  Between Ksh 5000-10,000/month 278 50.5 218 60
  More than Ksh 10,000/month 134 24.4 123 11
Toilet descriptors
 Sanitation Profiles 46.67***
  Profile 1: Day - toilet for urine/feces; night - toilet for urine/feces 137 24.9 122 15
  Profile 2: Day - toilet for urine/feces; night - bags/buckets/OD for urine/feces 148 26.9 129 19
  Profile 3: Day - toilet for feces, bags/buckets/OD for urine; night - bags/buckets/OD for urine/feces 120 21.8 76 44
  Profile 4: Day - toilet for urine/feces; night - toilet for feces, bags/buckets/OD for urine 66 12.0 58 8
  Profile 5: Day - bags/buckets/OD for urine/feces; night - bags/buckets/OD for urine/feces 79 14.4 74 5
 Relies on public toilet at least once in a 24-h period 279 50.7 217 62 13.21***
Water source
 Primary water source 2.02
  Tap inside home/building 74 13.5 62 12
  Tap outside home/building 89 16.2 70 19
  Public tap or well 312 56.7 265 47
  Tanker/vendor 75 13.6 62 13
Toilet hygiene and accessibility
 Toilet(s) are clean 340 61.8 293 47 4.78*
 Toilet(s) have running water/water for hygiene 184 33.5 163 21 5.27*
 Maximum number of people sharing toilet(s) (continuous) 152.4 (219.37) 1.001**†
 Maximum walk time to toilet(s) 12.64**
  Does not go outside 146 26.5 132 14
  2 min or less 212 38.5 164 48
  Between 3 and 4 min 85 15.5 69 16
  At least 5 min 107 19.5 94 13
WASH knowledge and practices
 Uses disinfectant (e.g. soap) to wash hands 453 82.4 378 75 0.00
 Treats drinking water 179 32.5 161 18 8.09**
 Uses something other than tissue for anal cleansing 236 42.9 183 53 10.46**
 WASH knowledge score (continuous) 13.1 (4.08) 1.05†
  1. p < 0.1; *p < 0.05; **p < 0.01; ***p < 0.001