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Table 3 Factors associated with reports of diarrhea in the household in the last 2 weeks (n = 550)

From: Exploring the complex relationship between women’s sanitation practices and household diarrhea in the slums of Nairobi: a cross-sectional study

  Odds Ratio p-value CI 95%
Socio-Economic Factors
 Age (continuous) 1.03 0.167 0.985–1.077
 Education (less than complete primary)
  Completed primary 0.86 0.771 0.274–2.691
  Some secondary 1.18 0.737 0.402–3.478
  Completed secondary 1.11 0.786 0.475–2.603
 Employed 2.12 0.069 0.931–4.809
 Married 0.82 0.469 0.447–1.489
 Has children 4.26 0.015 1.424–12.753
 Household income (ref: less than 5000/month)
  Between Ksh 5000-10,000/month (US$50–$100) 1.96 0.156 0.739–5.184
  More than Ksh 10,000/month (>US$100) 0.80 0.714 0.207–3.06
Toilet descriptors
(ref: Profile 1: Day - toilet for urine/feces; nights - toilet for urine/feces)
 Profile 2: Day - toilet for urine/feces; night - bags/buckets/OD for urine/feces 1.57 0.212 0.737–3.354
 Profile 3: Day - toilet for feces, bags/buckets/OD for urine; night - bags/buckets/OD for urine/feces 5.20 0.002 2.212–12.211
 Profile 4: Day - toilet for urine/feces; night - toilet for feces, bags/buckets/OD for urine 0.74 0.322 0.395–1.4
 Profile 5: Day - bags/buckets/OD for urine/feces; night: bags/buckets/OD for urine/feces 0.23 0.128 0.032–1.657
Water source
 Primary water source (ref: public tap/well)
 Tap inside home/building 3.79 0.018 1.329–10.818
 Tap outside home/building 3.02 0.057 0.959–9.48
 Tanker/vendor 1.72 0.295 0.578–5.095
Toilet hygiene and accessibility
 Toilets are clean 0.38 0.007 0.198–0.723
 Toilets have running water/water for hygiene 0.48 0.116 0.187–1.24
 Maximum number of people sharing toilet(s) (continuous) 1.00 0.147 0.998–1
 Maximum walk time to toilet(s) (ref: does not go out)
  2 min or less 2.04 0.009 1.249–3.336
  Between 3 and 4 min 1.41 0.533 0.427–4.68
  At least 5 min 0.58 0.246 0.218–1.55
WASH knowledge and practices
 Uses disinfectant (e.g. soap) to wash hands 0.54 0.235 0.179–1.609
 Treats drinking water 0.56 0.064 0.306–1.042
 Uses something other than tissue for anal cleansing 1.15 0.682 0.54–2.472
 WASH knowledge score (continuous) 1.08 0.130 0.972–1.21