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Table 1 Summary of previously reported cases from 2000 to 2016

From: Critical role of molecular test in early diagnosis of gastric tuberculosis: a rare case report and review of literature

Authors Year Age Sex Clinical feature Diagnostic approach Treatment
duration
strategy
(combination of anti-TB drugs)
Arabi [7] 2015 54 M Primary gastric TB with outlet obstruction Histopathological confirmation NA NA
Yaita Hiroki [15] 2014 60 M Gastric TB with systemic ymphadenopathy PCR of biopsy specimen was positive for M. TB NA NA
Moghadam [8] 2013 43 M Primary gastric TB mimicking gastric cancer PCR of surgical specimens was positive for M. TB. 6 months 2HREZ/4HR
Ecka [16] 2013 31 M Isolated gastric TB with outlet obstruction PCR of tissue biopsy was positive for M. TB. 9 months 2HREZ/7HR
Lim [15] 2013 38 F Gastric TB with a huge abdominal mass Endoscopic biopsy specimen was positive on acid-fast bacillus staining. PCR of the biopsy specimen was positive for M. TB. 12 months AmMfxPtoCsZ
Kang [18] 2012 54 F Gastric cancer concomitant gastric TB Tuberculosis PCR of the gastric mucosa and omental lymph nodes was positive for M. TB. NA NA
Ishii [9] 2011 39 F Primary gastric TB presenting as non-healing ulcer and mimicking Crohn’s disease Respond to empiric ATT. All the test including PCR showed negative for M. TB. 10 months 2HREZ/8HRE
Mukhopadhyay [10] 2010 30 F Isolated gastric TB Histopathology revealed granulomatus inflammation of M. TB 6 months 2HREZ/4HR
Bandyopadhyay [19] 2010 na na Gastric TB with outlet obstruction Respond to empiric ATT NA NA
Baylan [20] 2009 80 F Primary gastric TB PCR of biopsy specimen was positive for M. TB 6 months 2HREZ/4HR
Khan [11] 2008 29 M Primary gastric fundus TB Endoscopic biopsy showed caseating granulomas with acid-fast bacilli in the ulcerative mass. 6 months 6HREZ
Talukdar [21] 2006 30 F Gastric TB presenting as linitis plastica and outlet obstruction Endoscopic biopsy specimens showed caseating granulomas and positive for acid fast bacilli staining. NA HREZ
Kim [22] 2005 21 F Gastric TB presenting as a submucosal tumor Histopathologic examination of the surgical specimens revealed chronic granulomatous inflammation with caseation necrosis. PCR for M. TB with the surgical specimens was positive. 3 months 3HRE
Sharma [23] 2004 21 F Gastric TB with a perforation Histopathological examination revealed tuberculous granulation and acid-fast bacilli in the ulcer. 17 months NA
Amarapurkar [12] 2003 32 F Primary gastric TB with outlet obstruction Lymph node biopsies showed positive for acid-fast bacilli staining. 9 months 2HREZ/7HR
  53 M Primary gastric TB with outlet obstruction Histopathology of the lymph node revealed caseating granuloma 9 months 2HREZ/7HR
  23 F Primary gastric TB with outlet obstruction Histology demonstrated caseating granuloma with the presence of acid fast bacilli. 9 months 2HREZ/7HR
  32 M Primary gastric TB Endoscopic biopsy revealed caseating epitheloid granuloma with Langhan’s giant cells. 9 months 2HREZ/7HR
  30 M Primary gastric TB Endoscopic biopsy showed multiple tubercular caseating granulomas. 9 months 2HREZ/7HR
Khan [24] 2003 na na Gastric TB with concomitant stromal tumor of stomach   NA NA
Wig [13] 2000 25 M Isolated gastric TB presenting as massive hematemesis Histopathological examination NA NA
Chetri [25] 2000 46 M Gastric TB presenting as non-healing ulcer Endoscopic biopsy specimens showed caseating granulomas and positive for acid fast bacilli staining. NA NA
  1. ATT antitubercular therapy, PCR polymerase chain reaction, M. TB Mycobacterium tuberculosis, H isoniazid, R rifampicin, E ethambutol, Z pyrazinamide, Am kanamycin, Mfx moxifloxacin, Pto prothionamide, Cs cycloserin, NA not avalaible