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Table 2 Prevalence of HBV/HCV/HIV/TPPA among individuals with different social demographic characteristics

From: Prevalence of sexually transmitted infections among foreigners living in Guangzhou, China: a cross-sectional study (2010–2017)

CharacteristicTotalNo. Positive, (%)
HBVχ2PHCVχ2PHIVχ2PTPPAχ2P
Exam year
 201015599 (2.42)13.610.0616 (0.39)8.720.270 (0)18.85a0.001a40 (0.98)11.700.11
 2011169127 (2.72)  17 (0.36)  0 (0)  25 (0.54)  
 201213198 (2.20)  16 (0.36)  0 (0)  17 (0.38)  
 2013166117 (2.21)  21 (0.40)  0 (0)  28 (0.53)  
 2014210133 (2.25)  31 (0.52)  5 (0.08)  41 (0.69)  
 2015169109 (2.00)  31 (0.57)  2 (0.04)  27 (0.49)  
 2016187137 (2.44)  19 (0.34)  0 (0)  31 (0.55)  
 2017182123 (2.25)  22 (0.40)  0 (0)  37 (0.68)  
Gender
 Male673440 (1.89)7.580.01102 (0.44)7.610.014 (0.02)0.18a0.67a127 (0.54)0.730.39
 Female696503 (2.85)  71 (0.40)  3 (0.02)  119 (0.68)  
Region
 Africa474346 (5.84)125.37< 0.00145 (0.76)67.12< 0.0012 (0.03)8.91a0.11a81 (1.37)67.96< 0.001
 Europe266114 (0.87)  72 (0.55)  4 (0.03)  76 (0.58)  
 North America389305 (3.35)  38 (0.42)  0 (0)  46 (0.51)  
 South America7844 (1.94)  3 (0.13)  0 (0)  31 (1.37)  
 Oceania4439 (5.63)  1 (0.14)  0 (0)  4 (0.58)  
 Asia11895 (0.96)  14 (0.14)  1 (0.01)  8 (0.08)  
Age group
 < 206753 (0.82)14.150.014 (0.06)8.020.090 (0)6.41a0.17a10 (0.15)5.940.20
 20–29283202 (1.42)  38 (0.27)  1 (0.01)  42 (0.30)  
 30–39442296 (3.02)  54 (0.55)  5 (0.05)  87 (0.89)  
 40–49283209 (3.76)  29 (0.52)  0 (0)  45 (0.81)  
 ≥ 50294183 (3.78)  48 (0.99)  1 (0.02)  62 (1.28)  
Education level
 Less than high school3528 (7.55)14.940.010 (0)5.700.220 (0)2.81a0.59a7 (1.89)14.090.01
 High school232161 (1.52)  28 (0.26)  1 (0.01)  42 (0.40)  
 Undergraduate666435 (2.31)  90 (0.48)  5 (0.03)  136 (0.82)  
 Bachelor degree or above278214 (2.82)  34 (0.45)  1 (0.01)  29 (0.38)  
 Others158105 (2.94)  21 (0.59)  0 (0)  32 (0.9)  
Occupation
 Businessmen227127 (1.29)64.21< 0.00114 (0.14)26.19< 0.0011 (0.01)3.51a0.48a85 (0.86)155.94< 0.001
 Designers200105 (2.18)  23 (0.48)  2 (0.04)  70 (1.45)  
 Students340250 (2.07)  33 (0.27)  3 (0.02)  54 (0.45)  
 Unemployed2421 (0.83)  1 (0.04)  0 (0)  2 (0.08)  
 Others578440 (3.79)  102 (0.88)  1 (0.01)  35 (0.3)  
  1. a for likelihood ratio chi-square; No., OR, N/A, and 95% CI represent Number, Odd Rate, No data, and 95% confidence interval, respectively