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Table 2 Sociodemographic and obstetric characteristics of GBS colonized women

From: Prevalence, antimicrobial susceptibility patterns, serotypes and risk factors for group B streptococcus rectovaginal isolates among pregnant women at Kenyatta National Hospital, Kenya; a cross-sectional study

Sociodemographic and obstetric characteristicsGBS culture results
Negative (N = 232)Positive (N = 60)P
n (%)n (%)
Maternal age (Years)
  < 2645 (15.4%)10 (3.4%)0.864
 26–35139 (47.6%)38 (13.0%)
  > 3648 (16.4%)12 (4.1%)
Gestation age (weeks)
  < 35106 (36.3%)26 (8.9%)0.323
 35–3788 (30.1%)28 (9.6%)
  > 3738 (13.0%)6 (2.1%)
Parity
 043 (14.7%)10 (3.4%)0.499
 169 (23.6%)14 (4.8%)
  > 1120 (41.1%)36 (12.3%)
Number of prior live births if parity > 0
 025 (8.6%)4 (1.4%)0.566
  > 0164 (56.2%)46 (15.8%)
Number of prior stillbirths74 (25.3%)19 (6.5%)0.935
History of pregnancy loss in prior pregnancies (abortion or ectopic)23 (7.9%)9 (3.1%)0.308
History of preterm birth in prior pregnancy45 (15.4%)12 (4.1%)0.945
Rupture of membranes for > 18 h before labour in prior pregnancy48 (16.4%)10 (3.4%)0.688
Past history of neonatal death in first week of birth23 (7.9%)9 (3.1%)0.526
Past history of neonatal infection after birth25 (8.6%)5 (1.7%)0.782
Fore water break in past pregnancy Rupture of membranes?5 (1.7%)2 (.7%)0.595
Allergy to penicillin
 Yes9 (3.1%)6 (2.1%)0.051
 Don’t Know50 (17.1%)7 (2.4%)
HIV status
 Positive12 (4.1%)3 (1.0%)0.628
Colour of vaginal discharge
 Yellow25 (8.6%)7 (2.4%)0.942
 Brown32 (11.0%)8 (2.7%)
 White132 (45.2%)32 (11.0%)
 Clear43 (14.7%)13 (4.5%)
  1. GBS Group B Streptococcus, n number of participants within group, % percentage of participants within group, Chi-square statistics was used test statistical; difference between GBS colonized and uncolonized participants