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Table 3 Clinical characteristics and antibiotic prescribing among patients with severe infections at two private sector hospitals

From: Antibiotic prescribing among patients with severe infectious diseases in two private sector hospitals in Central India – a time series analysis over 10 years

 NTH,
n (%)
TH,
n (%)
Odds ratio
(95% CI)
P-value
All included patients,
n (%)
2504 (100)1262 (100)  
Mean age49.247.1 < 0.01
Women, n (%)894 (36)301 (24)  
Men, n (%)1610 (64)961 (76)  
Patients prescribed ABs, n (%)2294 (92)1122 (89)1.36 (1.08, 1.72)< 0.05
AB prescriptions, n (n of prescriptions per patients prescribed AB)18,751 (8)24,956 (22)  
Cellulitis388 (15)402 (32)  
Mean age50.448.7 0.16
Women, n (%)101 (26)79 (20)  
Men, n (%)287 (74)323 (80)  
Patients prescribed ABs, n (%)354 (91)362 (90)1.15 (0.69,1.91)0.57
AB prescriptions, n (n of prescriptions per patients prescribed AB)3505 (10)8608 (24)  
Endocarditis7 (0)2 (0)  
Mean age45.635.0 0.21
Women, n (%)3 (43)2 (100)  
Men, n (%)4 (57)0 (0)  
Patients prescribed ABs, n (%)6 (86)1 (50)6 (0.04,547.49)0.28
AB prescriptions, n (n of prescriptions per patients prescribed AB)33 (6)54 (54)  
Epiglottitis12 (0)1 (0)  
Mean age35.840.0 0.25
Women, n (%)6 (50)0 (0)  
Men, n (%)6 (50)1 (100)  
Patients prescribed ABs, n (%)11 (92)1 (100)
AB prescriptions, n (n of prescriptions per patients prescribed AB)57 (5)2 (2)  
Meningitis186 (7)38 (3)  
Mean age40.637.0 0.24
Women, n (%)90 (48)15 (39)  
Men, n (%)96 (52)23 (61)  
Patients prescribed ABs, n (%)167 (90)27 (71)3.58 (1.37, 8.93)< 0.05
AB prescriptions, n (n of prescriptions per patients prescribed AB)1126 (7)442 (16)  
Peritonitis431 (17)252 (20)  
Mean age44.444.0 0.71
Women, n (%)52 (12)35 (14)  
Men, n (%)379 (88)217 (86)  
Patients prescribed ABs, n (%)402 (93)233 (92)1.13 (0.58, 2.14)0.69
AB prescriptions, n (n of prescriptions per patients prescribed AB)4909 (12)6715 (29)  
Pneumonia761 (30)410 (32)  
Mean age49.648.4 0.30
Women, n (%)294 (39)100 (24)  
Men, n (%)467 (61)310 (76)  
Patients prescribed ABs, n (%)692 (91)366 (89)1.21 (0.78, 1.83)0.36
AB prescriptions, n (n of prescriptions per patients prescribed AB)4686 (7)6179 (17)  
Pyelonephritis71 (3)3 (0)  
Mean age42.326.7 < 0.01
Women, n (%)32 (45)2 (67)  
Men, n (%)39 (55)1 (33)  
Patients prescribed ABs, n (%)68 (96)2 (67)11.33 (0.14,262.11)0.16
AB prescriptions, n (n of prescriptions per patients prescribed AB)518 (8)89 (45)  
Septic arthritis3 (0)38 (3)  
Mean age43.345.0 0.93
Women, n (%)1 (33)15 (39)  
Men, n (%)2 (67)23 (61)  
Patients prescribed ABs, n (%)3 (100)29 (76)
AB prescriptions, n (n of prescriptions per patients prescribed AB)15 (5)1159 (40)  
Sepsis645 (26)116 (9)  
Mean age54.949.2 < 0.01
Women, n (%)315 (49)53 (46)  
Men, n (%)330 (51)63 (54)  
Patients prescribed ABs, n (%)591 (92)101 (87)1.6 (0.82,3.0)0.11
AB prescriptions, n (n of prescriptions per patients prescribed AB)3902 (7)1708 (17)  
  1. Notes: P-values for mean age were obtained by linear regression. Odds ratios, p-values and CIs for antibiotic prescribing were obtained by chi-square tests. Statistically significant p-values are marked in bold font
  2. Abbreviations: AB Antibiotic, CI Confidence interval, n Number, NTH Non-teaching hospital, OR Odds ratio, TH Teaching hospital