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Table 3 Factors associated with virological failure among all participants

From: Effect of a multi-dimensional case management model on anti-retroviral therapy-related outcomes among people living with human immunodeficiency virus in Beijing, China

   Crude model Adjusted model
Variable Events/N (%) or Median (IQR) OR (95% CI) P-value OR (95% CI) P-value
Case management
 No case management 60/1549 (3.9) Reference    
 With case management 31/3357 (0.9) 0.23 (0.15–0.36) < 0.001 0.27 (0.17–0.42) < 0.001
WHO Clinical stage
 Stage I and stage II 69/4368 (1.6) Reference   Reference  
 Stage III and stage IV 22 /538 (4.1) 2.67 (1.63–4.33) < 0.001 1.94 (1.17–3.21) 0.010
CD4 cell counts
  < 500 83/4229 (2.0) Reference   Reference  
 500+ 8/677 (1.2) 0.60 (0.29–1.24) 0.167 0.89 (0.42–1.87) 0.756
  1. OR Odds Ratio; CI Confidence Interval; WHO World Health Organization