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Table 3 Intestinal parasitic infection among tuberculosis patients and tuberculosis free individuals in Ethiopia

From: Intestinal parasites co-infection among tuberculosis patients in Ethiopia: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Group variable Number of studies TB patients TB free individuals OR(95% CI) Heterogeneity tests
Number % Number %   X2 df I2 p-value
Total intestinal parasites 8 1218 49.1% 2076 37.4% 1.76 (1.17–2.63) 50.95 7 86% 0.006
Intestinal protozoans 4 64 17.6% 129 10.0% 1.66 (0.94–2.93) 6.26 3 52% 0.08
Intestinal helminthes 7 277 37.0% 486 22.2% 2.01 (1.07–3.80) 43.18 6 86% 0.03
Multiple parasite infection 4 87 17.3% 116 6.8% 2.59 (1.90–3.55) 4.47 3 33% < 0.001
  1. X2 Chi-square, df degree of freedom