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Table 2 Common opportunistic infections and accuracy of diagnosis before and after the implementation of new guidelines

From: Impact of the implementation of new guidelines on the management of patients with HIV infection at an advanced HIV clinic in Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC)

Type of diagnosis Opportunistic infections (%)
Tuberculosis (TB) Toxoplasmosis Pneumocystis Pneumonia Non-TB Pneumonia
Correct
 Before 47 (62.7) 43 (62.3) 36 (65.5) 7 (53.8)
 After 106 (92.2) 62 (82.7) 61 (82.4) 11 (91.7)
Missed/Incorrect
 Before 19 (25.33) 12 (17.4) 6 (10.9) 2 (15.4)
 After 2 (1.7) 9 (12) 6 (8.1) 1 (8.33)
Misclassification
 Before 9 (12) 14 (20.1) 13 (23.6) 4 (30.8)
 After 7 (6.1) 4 (5) 7 (9.5) 0 (0)
Total
 Before 75 70 55 13
 After 115 75 74 12
p-value* < 0.01 0.01 0.06 0.08
  1. *Fishers exact