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Table 4 Percentage rates of answers for questions of second phase surveys

From: Before-and-after online community survey on knowledge and perception of COVID-19 pandemic

Question Answer Rate of answers [%] p-value
Cohort
Physician Nurse Student of medicine-oriented faculty Non-medical professional Student of non-medicine-oriented faculty Secondary school student All respondents (Mean)
Which human organ system is usually infected by Coronavirus? respiratory system 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 98.9 99.9 0.1033
nervous system 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
digestive system 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
muscular system 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.1 0.1
genitourinary system 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
What are the symptoms of Coronavirus disease 2019? fever 100.0 100.0 99.0 99.3 98.4 95.6 98.8 0.0000
cough 100.0 97.2 95.4 97.8 93.8 89.4 95.5
breathlessness or breathing problems 100.0 100.0 99.7 99.6 99.2 98.3 99.5
muscle pain 82.1 72.2 57.5 71.1 57.8 57.2 63.0
fatigue 87.0 79.6 68.9 77.6 65.6 55.6 70.8
How does the virus spread to another person? by droplet transmission: coughing/sneezing 100.0 100.0 100.0 99.3 98.4 99.4 99.7 0.0058
by indirect contact: through items touched by the infected person 72.4 64.8 57.1 66.1 67.2 61.1 61.8
by fecal-oral transmission: eating food contaminated with the virus 31.7 17.6 19.8 25.3 32.0 25.6 23.3
by direct contact: touching infected person 48.0 41.7 38.7 45.5 42.2 45.0 41.9
How to protect yourself from the virus? wear a standard (“surgical”) mask 63.4 52.8 47.4 56.0 57.0 47.2 51.4 0.0000
wear a mask with a HEPA filter 83.7 76.9 73.4 70.0 68.0 68.9 72.9
wash your hands often 99.2 99.1 99.7 98.9 100.0 99.4 99.5
cover your mouth when coughing or sneezing 87.0 94.4 90.0 90.3 86.7 84.4 89.2
keep at least 1 m distance from others. 90.2 89.8 93.3 91.0 86.7 91.1 91.6
do not leave the house / flat 80.5 79.6 90.6 82.3 88.3 93.9 87.7
contact the sanitary and epidemiological station after you came back from another country where Coronavirus disease 2019 has been reported 76.4 92.6 92.1 83.4 88.3 86.1 88.3
drink alcohol 0.8 0.0 0.6 2.2 1.6 3.3 1.2
avoid products made in China 0.8 2.8 2.7 2.5 2.3 6.7 2.9
What should I do if signs of infection appear? notify the sanitary and epidemiological station 97.6 98.1 99.4 96.8 100.0 98.9 98.7 0.0730
report to the emergency department in the nearest hospital 2.4 2.8 1.0 0.0 1.6 5.6 1.6
go to family doctor 1.6 2.8 1.1 4.0 0.8 4.4 2.2
report to an infectious disease ward or observation and infectious disease ward 63.4 75.9 46.1 50.2 43.8 48.9 50.5
What would be for you the biggest obstacle in everyday life due to Coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic? inability to go to your workplace or place of study 31.7 15.7 76.2 43.3 67.2 68.9 60.8 0.0000
cancelled mass events, such as performances, conferences, concerts 15.4 9.3 30.2 16.2 35.2 50.6 27.8
cancelled trips, flights 39.0 19.4 32.4 38.6 36.7 37.8 34.1
quarantine or isolation from loved ones due to quarantine 77.2 71.3 73.9 73.3 70.3 82.8 74.6
no products and food in shops or higher prices in stores 12.2 28.7 27.9 21.3 28.1 19.4 24.5
no personal protection equipment in stock 56.9 61.1 39.4 42.6 33.6 22.2 40.4
Does any of the following aspects worries you due to the spreading infection? nothing worries me 0.0 0.0 4.9 4.3 6.3 8.9 4.6 0.0000
my own health and life 28.5 46.3 21.9 35.7 25.0 22.8 27.0
health and life of my family 92.7 93.5 87.7 87.0 83.6 77.2 86.8
being quarantined 20.3 29.6 6.6 6.1 4.7 6.1 9.0
economic crisis 74.8 57.4 71.9 73.3 75.8 66.7 71.1
my education 22.8 11.1 53.6 23.1 46.9 43.9 40.9
Which of the following are your sources of knowledge about Coronavirus disease 2019? TV news 32.5 61.1 50.8 59.6 50.8 57.8 52.5 0.0000
radio 10.6 24.1 15.0 23.1 15.6 24.4 17.9
newspapers 11.4 13.9 4.5 12.6 2.3 7.2 7.3
websites such as: onet, interia, wp, gazeta.pl, trójmiasto.pl 39.8 43.5 39.8 59.9 47.7 57.2 46.4
website of the Ministry of Health of the Republic of Poland 58.5 77.8 69.8 61.4 59.4 51.7 64.9
websites such as: onet.pl, interia.pl, wp.pl, gazeta.pl, trójmiasto.pl 91.1 75.0 75.6 58.8 64.8 49.4 69.8
family members and friends 16.3 13.0 32.4 24.2 41.4 55.0 31.7
social media: Facebook, Tweeter, Instagram 33.3 43.5 46.4 35.0 56.3 56.1 45.1