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Table 3 Antibiotics prescribed among hospitalized patients disaggregated based on ward specialty

From: Antibiotic use among hospitalized patients in northern Nigeria: a multicenter point-prevalence survey

AntibioticPediatric medicalNeonatalMedicalSurgicalOBGPediatric surgicalTotal
Metronidazole8 (13.6)0 (0.0)33 (28.9)25 (29.4)12 (13.5)21 (36.8)99 (30.5)
Ciprofloxacin3 (5.1)0 (0.0)21 (18.4)18 (21.2)7 (7.9)6 (10.5)55 (17.1)
Ceftriaxone17 (28.8)2 (4.4)18 (15.8)12 (14.1)4 (4.5)1 (1.8)54 (16.8)
Amoxicillin-clavulanate0 (0.0)1 (2.2)14 (12.3)13 (15.3)11 (12.4)1 (1.8)40 (12.5)
Gentamicin10 (16.9)18 (40.0)2 (1.8)0 (0.0)1 (1.1)7 (12.3)38 (11.8)
Tinidazole0 (0.0)0 (0.0)2 (1.8)3 (3.5)23 (25.8)0 (0.0)28 (8.7)
Cefixime2 (3.4)0 (0.0)2 (1.8)0 (0.0)18 (20.2)0 (0.0)22 (6.9)
Amoxicillin3 (5.1)0 (0.0)2 (1.8)0 (0.0)1 (1.1)12 (21.1)18 (5.6)
Cefuroxime3 (5.1)3 (6.7)1 (0.9)3 (3.5)3 (3.4)4 (7.0)17 (5.3)
Clindamycin0 (0.0)1 (2.2)4 (3.5)7 (8.2)1 (1.1)1 (1.8)14 (4.4)
Ampicillin-cloxacillin4 (6.8)4 (8.9)0 (0.0)1 (1.2)2 (2.2)0 (0.0)11 (3.4)
Ceftazidime0 (0.0)7 (15.6)2 (1.8)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)9 (2.8)
Crystalline penicillin4 (6.8)2 (4.4)1 (0.9)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)1 (1.8)8 (2.5)
Ampicillin-sulbactam0 (0.0)7 (15.6)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)7 (2.2)
Azithromycin1 (1.7)0 (0.0)5 (4.4)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)6 (1.9)
Levofloxacin0 (0.0)0 (0.0)2 (1.8)2 (2.4)0 (0.0)2 (3.5)6 (1.9)
Cotrimoxazole1 (1.7)0 (0.0)2 (1.8)0 (0.0)1 (1.1)0 (0.0)4 (1.2)
Doxycycline0 (0.0)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)4 (4.5)0 (0.0)4 (1.2)
Chloramphenicol2 (3.4)0 (0.0)1 (0.9)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)3 (0.9)
Erythromycin1 (1.7)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)1 (1.1)0 (0.0)2 (0.6)
Ampicillin-floxacillin0 (0.0)0 (0.0)1 (0.9)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)1 (0.3)
Secnidazole0 (0.0)0 (0.0)1 (0.9)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)1 (0.3)
Meropenem0 (0.0)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)1 (1.8)1 (0.3)
Nitrofurantoin0 (0.0)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)1 (1.2)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)1 (0.3)
  1. OBG Obstetrics and gynecology