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Table 1 Summary of identified cases of Enterococcus pleuro-pulmonary infections

From: Vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecium pneumonia in a uremic patient on hemodialysis: a case report and review of the literature

Age (y) /Sex [Ref]Co-morbiditiesCommunity versus nosocomialPleuro-pulmonary infectionPositive cultures: Specimen/isolatesResistance toAntibiotic therapyOutcome
39/female [9]NoneCommunityPneumoniaSputum/Enterococcus + Escherichia coliStreptomy-cinAeromycin (Chlortetra-cycline) + Streptomy-cinAlive
54/male [10]NoneCommunitylung abscessSputum/EnterococcusNonePenicillin+StreptomycinAlive
46/female [10]PVD and CVDCommunitylung abscessTBA/EnterococcusPenicillinAmpicillin+GentamicinAlive
NA [11]NANAPneumoniaSputum/EnterococcusNANANA
85/male [12]CVDNosocomialPneumoniaTTA/EnterococcusPenicillinAmpicillinDied
54/male [12]HyponatremiaNosocomialPneumoniaTTA/EnterococcusPenicillinAmpicillinAlive
52/male [13]NANosocomialEmpyemaPleural fluid/ EnterococcusNANAAlive
NA [14]NANosocomialPneumoniaLung tissue / EnterococcusNANANA
68/male [15]NoneCommunityPneumoniaPTA/Enterococcus faeciumPenicillin Ampicillin TobramycinCiprofloxacinAlive
NA [5] (4 patients)NABothPneumoniaEmpyemaSputum, BAL, PSB and pleura fluid / EnterococcusNANANA
78/NA [16]A.Fib, CVA and CADNosocomialPneumoniaEmpyemaNA/ EnterococcusNAamoxicillin/clavulanateAlive
49/male [17]Alcoholic hepatitisCommunityPneumoniaPTA/Enterococcus faecalisPenicillin, AmpicillinVancomycinAlive
NA/NA [18]Chronic hemodialysisCommunityPneumoniaNA/Enterococcus faeciumMultidrug resistantVancomycinAlive
68/female [8]LymphomaNosocomialPneumoniaEmpyemaBAL, pleural fluid and blood/ Enterococcus faeciumampicillinVancomycin+ GentamicinDied
29/male [19]kidney transplant recipientNosocomialLung abscessesBlood and BAL/ Enterococcus faeciumNAteicoplanin linezolideAlive
63/female [20]CVANosocomialPneumoniaEmpyemaTTA and sputum/ Enterococcus faecalisNAAmoxicillin/clavulanateAlive
81/male [21]Renal carcinoma chronic renal failureNosocomialPneumoniaBlood and sputum/ Enterococcus faecalisgentamicinampicillinAlive
41/male [22]HIVCommunityPneumoniaempyemaLung tissue/ Enterococcus faeciumVancomyci-nlinezolidAlive
[23] 73/malepancreatic cancer diabetesCommunityPneumoniaSputum/ Enterococcus faeciumAmpicillin LevofloxacinVancomycinAlive
75/male [24]Asthma, chronic lymphocytic leukaemiaNosocomialPneumoniaBAL and blood/ Enterococcus faeciumVancomyci-nlinezolid and daptomycinDied
67/male [25]Asplenia, COPD, CVA and alcohol abuseCommunityPneumoniaempyemapleural fluid/ Enterococcus faeciumAmpicillin Vancomyci-nlinezolidAlive
  1. NA Not available, CVD Cerebrovascular disease, CAD Coronary artery disease, PVD Peripheral vascular disease, BAL Bronchoalveolar lavage, PSB Protected brush specimen, TTA Transtracheal aspiration, PTA Percutaneous transthoracic aspiration, HIV Human immunodeficiency virus, A. fib Atrial fibrillation; CVA Cerebrovascular accident, COPD Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease