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Table 2 Distribution of pathogens causing surgical site infections (SSIs) in 4 MNGHA hospitals in Saudi Arabia (2007–2016)

From: High contribution and impact of resistant gram negative pathogens causing surgical site infections at a multi-hospital healthcare system in Saudi Arabia, 2007–2016

 CSEC
(N = 160)
COLO
(N = 29)
CBGB
(N = 194)
CHOL
(N = 28)
HER
(N = 21)
KPRO
(N = 22)
Others
(N = 38)
Total
(N = 492)
All gram positive bacteria89 (55.6%)6 (20.7%)50 (25.8%)6 (21.4%)8 (38.1%)8 (36.4%)2 (5.3%)169 (34.3%)
Staphylococcus aureus67 (41.9%)1 (3.4%)28 (14.4%)3 (10.7%)5 (23.8%)7 (31.8%)1 (2.6%)112 (22.8%)
Enterococcus spp.10 (6.3%)5 (17.2%)8 (4.1%)2 (7.1%)3 (14.3%)(0.0%)1 (2.6%)29 (5.9%)
Coagulase negative staphylococci  11 (5.7%)  1 (4.5%) 12 (2.4%)
 Other gram positive12 (7.5%) 3 (1.5%)1 (3.6%)   16 (3.3%)
All gram negative bacteria71 (44.4%)23 (79.3%)142 (73.2%)17 (60.7%)13 (61.9%)14 (63.6%)36 (94.7%)316 (64.2%)
Acinetobacter spp.1 (0.6%)1 (3.4%)4 (2.1%)1 (3.6%) 1 (4.5%)4 (10.5%)12 (2.4%)
Pseudomonas aeruginosa19 (11.9%)6 (20.7%)52 (26.8%)2 (7.1%)5 (23.8%)7 (31.8%)8 (21.1%)99 (20.1%)
Klebsiella spp.15 (9.4%)4 (13.8%)29 (14.9%)4 (14.3%)2 (9.5%)1 (4.5%)5 (13.2%)60 (12.2%)
Enterobacter spp.8 (5.0%)2 (6.9%)18 (9.3%)2 (7.1%)1 (4.8%)07 (18.4%)38 (7.7%)
Escherichia coli17 (10.6%)8 (27.6%)16 (8.2%)5 (17.9%)2 (9.5%)2 (9.1%)10 (26.3%)60 (12.2%)
Serratia spp.1 (0.6%) 13 (6.7%)1 (3.6%)   15 (3.0%)
Proteus spp.7 (4.4%) 3 (1.5%) 3 (14.3%)  13 (2.6%)
 Other gram negative3 (1.9%)2 (6.9%)7 (3.6%)2 (7.1%) 3 (13.6%)2 (5.3%)19 (3.9%)
Fungi  2 (1.0%)5 (17.9%)   7 (1.4%)
  1. Abbreviations: As in Table 1. Other gram positive pathogens included Streptococcus spp., Streptococcus beta-hemolytic, and Streptococcus pneumonia. Other gram negative pathogens included Citrobacter spp., Bacteroides spp., Morganella morganii, Burkholderia cepacia, and Providencia stuartii