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Table 3 Factors associated with very good/good self-rated health among all PLHIV, PLHIV on antiretroviral treatment and PLHIV on antiretroviral treatment virally suppressed, 2019

From: Self-rated health among people living with HIV in Spain in 2019: a cross-sectional study

  All PLHIV PLHIV on ART PLHIV on ART virally suppressed
aOR 95% CI p aOR 95% CI p aOR 95% CI p
Gender (male)
 Female 0.7 0.4–1.1 0.164 0.7 0.4–1.1 0.105 0.6 0.4–1.0 0.046
 Transgender 1.1 0.2–5.5 0.882 0.9 0.1–5.5 0.899 1.4 0.2–10.5 0.744
Age group (< 35)
 35–50 0.8 0.4–1.5 0.409 0.8 0.4–1.6 0.500 1.1 0.5–2.5 0.737
 51–60 0.8 0.4–1.6 0.516 0.7 0.3–1.5 0.344 1.1 0.5–2.3 0.901
  > 60 1.6 0.7–3.6 0.298 1.4 0.6–3.5 0.459 2.0 0.8–5.3 0.142
Educational level (Illiteracy/Primary education)
 Secondary education 1.1 0.8–1.7 0.509 1.1 0.7–1.7 0.587 1.2 0.8–2.0 0.382
 University education 2.1 1.2–3.8 0.010 2.0 1.1–3.7 0.024 2.1 1.1–3.9 0.028
Country of birth (Spain)
 Other 1.4 0.9–2.3 0.180 1.5 0.9–2.5 0.138 1.6 0.9–3.0 0.106
Residence (living with family)
 Living alone 0.7 0.5–1.1 0.133 0.7 0.5–1.1 0.166 0.8 0.5–1.3 0.450
 Closed institutions/Prison/Homeless 0.4 0.1–1.0 0.040 0.4 0.2–1.1 0.088 0.3 0.1–0.9 0.039
 Other 1.2 0.6–2.5 0.664 1.3 0.6–2.8 0.575 1.1 0.5–2.4 0.868
Employment status (Employed)
 Unemployed 0.3 0.2–0.4 < 0.001 0.3 0.2–0.5 < 0.001 0.2 0.1–0.4 < 0.001
 Retired/disabled 0.2 0.1–0.4 < 0.001 0.2 0.1–0.4 < 0.001 0.2 0.1–0.3 < 0.001
 Student 2.0 0.5–7.6 0.313 2.1 0.5–8.6 0.290 2.3 0.6–9.2 0.256
Mode of transmission (heterosexual)
 MSM 1.0 0.6–1.7 0.892 0.8 0.5–1.5 0.507 0.7 0.4–1.3 0.248
 PWID 0.7 0.4–1.2 0.174 0.7 0.4–1.2 0.206 0.7 0.3–1.1 0.132
Stage (asymptomatic)
 Symptomatic non AIDS 0.7 0.4–1.2 0.254 0.7 0.4–1.2 0.156 0.6 0.4–1.1 0.128
 AIDS 0.6 0.4–0.8 0.006 0.6 0.4–0.9 0.023 0.7 0.5–1.2 0.207
Comorbidities (No/Unknown)
 Yes 0.3 0.2–0.6 < 0.001 0.3 0.2–0.6 < 0.001 0.4 0.2–0.7 0.002
Years since HIV diagnosis (> 15)
  < 2 0.3 0.1–0.6 < 0.001 0.3 0.1–0.6 0.001 0.3 0.1–0.8 0.021
 2–5 0.6 0.3–1.1 0.126 0.7 0.3–1.4 0.270 0.8 0.4–1.6 0.519
 6–10 0.6 0.4–1.2 0.165 0.7 0.4–1.3 0.264 0.7 0.4–1.4 0.365
 11–15 0.6 0.4–1.1 0.118 0.6 0.4–1.1 0.133 0.7 0.4–1.3 0.240
on ART (Yes)
 No 0.3 0.1–0.9 0.036
Viral load < 200 copies/ml (No)
 Yes 3.2 1.5–6.8 0.002
Adherence (optimal)
 Suboptimal/ Very bad 0.5 0.3–0.8 0.006 0.4 0.2–0.8 0.009
  1. aOR Adjusted odds ratio, 95% CI Confidence interval 95%, PLHIV People living with HIV, ART antiretroviral treatment, MSM Men who have sex with men, PWID People who injected drugs, Reference categories are in brackets