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Table 2 Univariate model outputs and goodness-of-fit measures for the tested covariates against cholera outbreak occurrence, including p-values, coefficients, BIC and AUC

From: Exploring relationships between drought and epidemic cholera in Africa using generalised linear models

Covariate p value Coefficient BIC AUC
Potential evapotranspiration (mm/day) 0.961 0.011 785.323 0.5979
Annual freshwater withdrawal (billion m3) 0.649 − 0.029 784.570 0.5279
Runoff (mm/year) 0.373 − 0.064 785.395 0.6068
Health expenditure (% GDP) 0.371 0.126 783.253 0.5389
Prevalence of malnourishment (% population) 0.139 − 0.169 784.014 0.5892
Gross domestic output (current $) 0.126 − 0.091 783.079 0.5148
Population density (people/km2) 0.051* − 0.145 781.802 0.5773
Water withdrawal per capita (m3/person/year) 0.032* 0.151 762.801 0.6184
Average precipitation (mm) 0.021* − 0.263 780.742 0.6345
People with basic handwashing facilities (% population) 0.018* 0.189 766.430 0.5882
Percentage living in informal settlement (% urban population) 0.013* − 0.467 778.730 0.4903
Mean drought 0.003* − 0.199 768.863 0.5827
Human Development Index 0.0002* 1.014 767.927 0.6562
People using at least basic sanitation (% population) 0.0001* 0.384 757.283 0.6347
Poverty headcount (% population at < $1.90/day) 0.0001* − 0.583 768.649 0.7018
Average temperature (°C) 0.00005* − 1.715 765.124 0.5349
Soil moisture (%) 0.00003* − 0.706 768.044 0.6871
People with basic drinking water (% population) 0.00002* 0.906 762.312 0.6521
Population (log. population in thousands) 0.0000000004* − 3.064 741.192 0.6521
  1. *p < 0.1