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Bacterial and fungal diseases

This section aims to publish studies looking at all aspects of the prevention, diagnosis and management of bacterial and fungal diseases in humans, as well as related molecular genetics, pathophysiology, and epidemiology. This section includes studies relating to antibiotic resistance and healthcare-associated infections.

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  1. It is important to understand clinical features of bacteremic urinary tract infection (bUTI), because bUTI is a serious infection that requires prompt diagnosis and antibiotic therapy. Escherichia coli is the mos...

    Authors: Anthony D. Bai, Michael J. Bonares, Samuel Thrall, Chaim M. Bell and Andrew M. Morris

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:781

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Orbital mucormycosis is a rare but potentially severe and troublesome invasive fungal infection that could be occurred even in healthy individuals. The initial clinical presentation is similar to bacterial pre...

    Authors: Ali Amanati, Hamide Barzegar, Gholamreza Pouladfar, Anahita Sanaei Dashti, Mohamad Bagher Abtahi, Bijan Khademi, Mohammad Javad Ashraf, Parisa Badiee, Seyedeh Sedigheh Hamzavi and Ali Kashkooe

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:770

    Content type: Case report

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  3. Ureaplasma urealyticum is an intra-cellular bacterium frequently found colonizing the genital tract. Known complications include localized infections, which can result in premature deliveries. Septic arthritis du...

    Authors: Jaad Mahlouly, Loic Lhopitallier, Véronique Suttels, Linda Mueller, Diane Wernly, Olivier Borens and Sylvain Steinmetz

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:767

    Content type: Case report

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  4. A lower level of consciousness is a common presentation in critical care, with many different causes and contributory factors, of which more than one may be present concurrently.

    Authors: Chung Li, Ming-Yieh Peng, Chia-Hui Chang, Yuan-Yu Hsu, Min-Shiau Hsieh, Shinn-Kuang Lin, Yi-Hsin Lee and Mei-Chen Yang

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:763

    Content type: Case report

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  5. Clostridioides difficile infection (CDI) is commonly associated with outcomes like recurrence and readmission. The effect of social determinants of health, such as ‘neighborhood’ socioeconomic disadvantage, on a ...

    Authors: Elizabeth Scaria, W. Ryan Powell, Jen Birstler, Oguzhan Alagoz, Daniel Shirley, Amy J. H. Kind and Nasia Safdar

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:762

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Saksenaea species (spp.) are uncommon causes of mucormycosis but are emerging pathogens mostly associated with trauma and soil contamination often in immunocompetent hosts. Due to lack of sporulation in the labor...

    Authors: N. Davidson, K. Campbell, F. Foroughi, V. Tayal, S. Lynar, L. C. Crawford, S. E. Kidd, R. Baird, J. Davies and E. M. Meumann

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:755

    Content type: Case report

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  7. Two months after the outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in Wuhan, China, tens of thousands of hospitalized patients had recovered, and little is known about the follow-up of the recovered patients.

    Authors: Tie-Jun Shui, Chao Li, Hong-bing Liu, Xiaohua Chen and Bi-ke Zhang

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:749

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Cholera remains a major global health challenge. Uvira, in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), has had endemic cholera since the 1970’s and has been implicated as a possible point of origin for nationa...

    Authors: Camille Williams, Oliver Cumming, Lynn Grignard, Baron Bashige Rumedeka, Jaime Mufitini Saidi, Daniel Grint, Chris Drakeley and Aurelie Jeandron

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:741

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Invasive infections with Candida krusei are uncommon and rarely complicated by spondylitis. Previous described cases were solely treated with antimycotic therapy, despite guidelines recommending surgical interven...

    Authors: Audrey J. C. Overgaauw, David C. de Leeuw, Susanne P. Stoof, Karin van Dijk, Joost C. J. Bot and Eef J. Hendriks

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:739

    Content type: Case report

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  10. The morbidity and mortality in community-acquired bacterial meningitis (CABM) remain substantial, and the etiology, clinical characteristics, treatment outcomes and predictors of poor prognosis must be assesse...

    Authors: E. Matulyte, S. Kiveryte, R. Paulauskiene, E. Liukpetryte, R. Vaikutyte and R. Matulionyte

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:733

    Content type: Research article

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  11. The specific clinical feature of tetanus is whole body muscle spasms. These spasms are intensely painful and sometime lead to some injuries. Vertebral fractures have been reported as a common complication of t...

    Authors: Hiroki Nagasawa, Ken-ichi Muramatsu, Ikuto Takeuchi, Yoshihiro Kushida, Kei Jitsuiki, Jun Shitara, Hiromichi Ohsaka, Kazuhiko Omori, Yasumasa Oode and Youichi Yanagawa

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:731

    Content type: Case report

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  12. The incidence of Lyme disease (LD) in North America has increased substantially in the past two decades. Concomitant with the increased incidence of infection has been an enhancement in the recognition of LD c...

    Authors: Faith Myers, Pooja E. Mishra, Daniel Cortez and Mark R. Schleiss

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:730

    Content type: Case report

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  13. Listeria monocytogenes (L. monocytogenes) is a facultative intracellular bacterial pathogen which can invade different mammalian cells and reach to the central nervous system (CNS), leading to meningoencephalitis...

    Authors: Zi-Wei Lan, Min-Jia Xiao, Yuan-lin Guan, Ya-Jing Zhan and Xiang-Qi Tang

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:721

    Content type: Case report

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  14. Fungal peritonitis (FP) is a rare complication of peritoneal dialysis. We herein describe the second case in Asia of Histoplasma capsulatum peritonitis associated with continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (C...

    Authors: Thanat Ounsinman, Piriyaporn Chongtrakool and Nasikarn Angkasekwinai

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:717

    Content type: Case report

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  15. Infective endocarditis (IE) is associated with high mortality. Surgery may improve survival and reduce complications, but the balance between benefit and harm is difficult and may be closely related to age and...

    Authors: Lauge Østergaard, Morten Holdgaard Smerup, Kasper Iversen, Andreas Dalsgaard Jensen, Anders Dahl, Sandra Chamat-Hedemand, Niels Eske Bruun, Jawad Haider Butt, Henning Bundgaard, Christian Torp-Pedersen, Lars Køber and Emil Fosbøl

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:705

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Treatment of gonorrhea is complicated by the development of antimicrobial resistance in Neisseria gonorrhoeae (GC) to the antibiotics recommended for treatment. Knowledge on types of plasmids and the antibiotic r...

    Authors: Mary Wandia Kivata, Margaret Mbuchi, Fredrick Eyase, Wallace Dimbuson Bulimo, Cecilia Katunge Kyanya, Valerie Oundo, Wilton Mwema Mbinda, Willy Sang, Ben Andagalu, Olusegun O. Soge, Raymond Scott McClelland and John Distelhorst

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:703

    Content type: Research article

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  17. The microbiota of the respiratory tract has an important role in maintaining respiratory health. However, little is known on the respiratory microbiota in asthmatic patients among Middle Eastern populations. T...

    Authors: Mohammad T. AL Bataineh, Rifat A. Hamoudi, Nihar R. Dash, Rakhee K. Ramakrishnan, Mohamad A. Almasalmeh, Hanan A. Sharif, Mohamed S. Al-Hajjaj and Qutayba Hamid

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:697

    Content type: Research article

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  18. From early 2009, the Dutch region of South Limburg experienced a massive outbreak of Q fever, overlapping with the influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 pandemic during the second half of the year and affecting approximately...

    Authors: Volker H. Hackert, Nicole H. T. M. Dukers-Muijrers and Christian J. P. A. Hoebe

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:690

    Content type: Research article

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  19. The effect of donor lung colonized bacteria on the prognosis of lung transplantation is not clear. We used the technique of next-generation sequencing (NGS) to detect the colonized bacteria from the lower resp...

    Authors: Dong Liu, Ji Zhang, Bo Wu, Feng Liu, Shugao Ye, Hongmei Wang, Jian Lv, Xing Weng, Yan Chen, Weili Han and Jingyu Chen

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:689

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Vogesella species are common aquatic, Gram-negative rod-shaped bacteria, originally described in 1997. Vogesella perlucida was first isolated from spring water in 2008. Furthermore, bacterial pathogenicity of Vog...

    Authors: Zengxian Yu, Fang Zhu, Xinghe Tao, Lu Zhang, Suliu Wu, Chunfu Dong, Yeqing Dong, Ge chen, Xinyang Zhou, Yinfei Fang and Kechen Xu

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:687

    Content type: Case report

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:709

  21. Enterobacter cloacae species is responsible for nosocomial outbreaks in vulnerable patients in neonatal intensive care units (NICU). The environment can constitute the reservoir and source of infection in NICUs. ...

    Authors: Alexandrine Ferry, Frank Plaisant, Christophe Ginevra, Yann Dumont, Jacqueline Grando, Olivier Claris, François Vandenesch and Marine Butin

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:682

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Although the risk factors for positive follow-up blood cultures (FUBCs) in gram-negative bacteremia (GNB) have not been investigated extensively, FUBC has been routinely carried out in many acute care hospital...

    Authors: Jongtak Jung, Kyoung-Ho Song, Kang Il. Jun, Chang Kyoung Kang, Nak-Hyun Kim, Pyoeng Gyun Choe, Wan Beom Park, Ji Hwan Bang, Eu Suk Kim, Sang-Won Park, Nam Joong Kim, Myoung-don Oh and Hong Bin Kim

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:680

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Urinary tract infection is one of the most common bacterial infections in children. Understanding the characteristics of uropathogens and their antimicrobial susceptibility pattern in a particular setting can ...

    Authors: Adugna Fenta, Mulat Dagnew, Setegn Eshetie and Teshome Belachew

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:673

    Content type: Research article

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  24. The study was to evaluate initial antimicrobial regimen and clinical outcomes and to explore risk factors for clinical failure (CF) in elderly patients with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP).

    Authors: Xiudi Han, Xuedong Liu, Liang Chen, Yimin Wang, Hui Li, Fei Zhou, Xiqian Xing, Chunxiao Zhang, Lijun Suo, Jinxiang Wang, Guohua Yu, Guangqiang Wang, Xuexin Yao, Hongxia Yu, Lei Wang, Meng Liu…

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:668

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Frequencies of polymicrobial infection and pathogens evidenced in course of infected nonunion treatment are largely unknown. Therefore, this study aims at investigating microbial patterns in infected nonunions.

    Authors: Markus Rupp, Stefanie Kern, Tobias Weber, Tamina D. Menges, Reinhard Schnettler, Christian Heiß and Volker Alt

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:667

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Neonatal sepsis is one of the major causes of death during the first month of life and early empirical treatment with injectable antibiotics is a life-saving intervention. Adherence to World Health Organisatio...

    Authors: Beatrice Ekman, Prajwal Paudel, Omkar Basnet, Ashish KC and Johan Wrammert

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:666

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Stenotrophomonas maltophilia-induced pulmonary haemorrhage is considered a fatal infection among haematological patients. The outcome can be explained by the patients’ immunity status and late diagnosis and treat...

    Authors: Stefan Andrei, Alexandra Ghiaur, Lavinia Brezeanu, Cristina Martac, Andreea Nicolau, Daniel Coriu and Gabriela Droc

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:658

    Content type: Case report

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  28. Pseudomonas aeruginosa (P. aeruginosa) is a major Gram-negative pathogen, which has been reported to result in high mortality. We aim to investigate the prognostic value and optimum cut-off point of time-to-posit...

    Authors: Huiting Xu, Jie Cheng, Qinghong Yu, Qingyuan Li, Qian Yi, Siying Luo, Yuanyuan Li, Guangli Zhang, Xiaoyin Tian, Dapeng Cheng and Zhengxiu Luo

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:665

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Diarrheagenic Escherichia coli (DEC) are among the leading pathogens associated with endemic diarrhea in low income countries. Yet, few epidemiological studies have focused the contribution of enterohemorrhagic E...

    Authors: Marcelino Garrine, Glória Matambisso, Nélio Nobela, Delfino Vubil, Sérgio Massora, Sozinho Acácio, Tacilta Nhampossa, Pedro Alonso and Inácio Mandomando

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:659

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Currently there are only two population studies on sepsis incidence in Asia. The burden of sepsis in Hong Kong is unknown. We developed a sepsis surveillance method to estimate sepsis incidence from a populati...

    Authors: Ying Zhi Liu, Raymond Chu, Anna Lee, Charles David Gomersall, Lin Zhang, Tony Gin, Matthew T. V. Chan, William K. K. Wu and Lowell Ling

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:652

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Risk factors related to mortality due to invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) have been unveiled previously, but early clinical manifestations of IPD based on prognosis remain uncovered.

    Authors: Shuiyan Wu, Xubei Guo, Zhong Xu, Meilin Han, Lili Huang, Yunzhen Tao, Ying Li, Yanhong Li, Tao Zhang and Zhenjiang Bai

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:651

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Cryptococcus is a conditional pathogenic fungus causing cryptococcosis, which is one of the most serious fungal diseases faced by humans. Lateral flow immunochromatographic assay (LFA) is successfully applied to ...

    Authors: Li-Min Xie, Geng-Ling Lin, Hao-Neng Dong, Ying-Xia Liao, Ye-Ling Liu, Jian-Feng Qin and Xu-Guang Guo

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:650

    Content type: Research article

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  33. COVID-19 is known as a new viral infection. Viral-bacterial co-infections are one of the biggest medical concerns, resulting in increased mortality rates. To date, few studies have investigated bacterial super...

    Authors: Ehsan Sharifipour, Saeed Shams, Mohammad Esmkhani, Javad Khodadadi, Reza Fotouhi-Ardakani, Alireza Koohpaei, Zahra Doosti and Samad EJ Golzari

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:646

    Content type: Research article

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  34. The transmission features and the feasibility of containing shigellosis remain unclear among a population-based study in China.

    Authors: Jia Rui, Qi Chen, Qiuping Chen, Qingqing Hu, Mikah Ngwanguong Hannah, Zeyu Zhao, Yao Wang, Xingchun Liu, Zhao Lei, Shanshan Yu, Yi-Chen Chiang, Benhua Zhao, Yanhua Su, Bin Zhao and Tianmu Chen

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:643

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Data regarding the prevalence of metallo-β-lactamases (MBLs) among Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates in cystic fibrosis patients are scarce. Furthermore, there is limited knowledge on the effect of MBL production o...

    Authors: M. Carugati, A. Piazza, A. M. Peri, L. Cariani, M. Brilli, D. Girelli, D. Di Carlo, A. Gramegna, M. Pappalettera, F. Comandatore, G. Grasselli, A. P. Cantù, M. Arghittu, A. Gori, C. Bandi, F. Blasi…

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:635

    Content type: Case report

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  36. People who inject drugs (PWID) have increased risk of acquiring blood-transmitted chronic viral infections such as Hepatitis B (HBV), Hepatitis C (HCV) and Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) as well as increas...

    Authors: Sara Thønnings, Filip Jansåker, Christoffer Sundqvist, Rebekka Faber Thudium, Susanne Dam Nielsen and Jenny Dahl Knudsen

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:634

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Cases of refractory Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia have been increasing recently; however, whether viral coinfection or macrolide-resistant M. infection contribute to the development of refractory M. pneumoniae ...

    Authors: Yajuan Zhou, Jing Wang, Wenjuan Chen, Nan Shen, Yue Tao, Ruike Zhao, Lijuan Luo, Biru Li and Qing Cao

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:633

    Content type: Research article

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  38. There is evidence that males have higher incidence rates (IR) of campylobacteriois than females. The objectives of this study were to determine whether these observations differ between age groups and are cons...

    Authors: Manfred S. Green, Naama Schwartz and Victoria Peer

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:625

    Content type: Research article

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  39. We aimed to describe an outbreak of cutaneous abscesses caused by Panton-Valentine leukocidin (PVL)-producing methicillin-susceptible Staphylococcus aureus (MSSA) among gold mine workers.

    Authors: Husna Ismail, Nelesh P. Govender, Ashika Singh-Moodley, Erika van Schalkwyk, Liliwe Shuping, Itumeleng Moema, Gal Feller, Ruth Mogokotleng, Wilhelmina Strasheim, Michelle Lowe, Ruth Mpembe, Serisha Naicker, Tsidiso G. Maphanga, Cecilia De Abreu, Farzana Ismail, Nazir Ismail…

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:621

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Neisseria macacae was discovered in the oral cavity of monkeys in 1983. In humans, it has been isolated from the upper respiratory tract of neutropenic patients. However, only two cases of N. macacae bacteremia h...

    Authors: Yasumasa Yamamoto, Norihiko Terada, Tomoyo Sugiyama, Hanako Kurai and Kiyofumi Ohkusu

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:619

    Content type: Case report

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  41. Vibrio cholerae are oxidase-positive bacteria that are classified into various serotypes based on the O surface antigen. V. cholerae serotypes are divided into two main groups: the O1 and O139 group and the non-O...

    Authors: Keisuke Tsuruta, Toru Ueyama, Tomoo Watanabe, Kenichi Nakano, Kenji Uno and Hidetada Fukushima

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:618

    Content type: Case report

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  42. The rise in antibiotic resistance is a global public health concern, and antibiotic overuse needs to be reduced. Earlier studies of out-of-hours care have indicated that antibiotic prescribing is less appropri...

    Authors: Olof Cronberg, Mia Tyrstrup, Kim Ekblom and Katarina Hedin

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:616

    Content type: Research article

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  43. The global prevalent ptxP3 strains varies from about 10% to about 50% of circulating B. pertussis population in different areas of China.

    Authors: Zengguo Wang, Yang Luan, Quanli Du, Chang Shu, Xiaokang Peng, Huijing Wei, Tiejun Hou, Ying Liu, Xiaoguai Liu and Yarong Li

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:615

    Content type: Research article

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  44. The most common aetiological agents of mucormycosis are Rhizopus, Mucor, Apophysomyces and Lichtheimia. Apophysomyces is comparatively rare, as it has been reported in less than 3% of mucormycosis cases. The genu...

    Authors: Erick Martínez-Herrera, María Guadalupe Frías-De-León, Angélica Julián-Castrejón, Luis Cruz-Benítez, Juan Xicohtencatl-Cortes and Rigoberto Hernández-Castro

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:614

    Content type: Case report

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  45. Strongyloidiasis is caused by the helminth Strongyloides stercoralis and is well-recognised amongst transplant recipients. Serious complications, including Strongyloides hyperinfection which is a syndrome of acce...

    Authors: Christina Lai, Matthew Anderson, Rebecca Davis, Lyndal Anderson, Kate Wyburn, Steve Chadban and David Gracey

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:613

    Content type: Case report

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  46. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is one of the most prevalent diseases worldwide. Episodes of acute exacerbations of COPD (AECOPD) are associated with disease severity and progression. Although sub...

    Authors: Juan Wang, Jianmin Chai, Lina Sun, Jiangchao Zhao and Chun Chang

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:610

    Content type: Research article

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  47. This study aimed to identify ten different 16S rRNA methyltransferase genes (rmtA, rmtB, rmtC, rmtD, armA, rmtF, npmA, rmtH, rmtE and rmtG) and their coexisting ESBL and carbapenemase with the emergence of three

    Authors: Jayalaxmi Wangkheimayum, Mohana Bhattacharjee, Bhaskar Jyoti Das, K. Melson Singha, Debadatta Dhar Chanda and Amitabha Bhattacharjee

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:544

    Content type: Research article

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:620

  48. Invasive fungal pneumonia is a severe infectious disease with high mortality in immunocompromised patients. However, the clinical diagnosis of the pathogen(s) remains difficult since microbiological evidence i...

    Authors: Kaiyu Zhang, Chen Yu, Yuxiang Li and Yang Wang

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:608

    Content type: Case report

    Published on: