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Table 1 Characteristics of HCV antibody positive patients currently under follow-up in EuroSIDA

From: HIV and hepatitis C co-infection in Europe, Israel and Argentina: a EuroSIDA perspective

  HCV RNA Status  
  Total (N=3030) Negative (N=837) Positive (N=1370) Unknown (N=823) P-value*
Sex
Female 992 (32.8%) 233 (23.5%) 443 (44.7%) 316 (31.9%) 0.1870
Male 2031 (67.2%) 524 (25.8%) 919 (45.2%) 588 (29.0%)  
Age
Median (IQR) 44 (36 - 50) 47 (39 - 52) 47 (38 - 51) 39 (34 - 46) <.0001
CD4 Cell Count
Median (IQR) 512 (340 - 712) 572 (413 - 753) 525 (347 - 723) 445 (273 - 640) <.0001
Transmission Risk
MSM 387 (12.8%) 147 (38.0%) 151 (39.0%) 89 (23.0%) <.0001
IDU 1836 (60.7%) 417 (22.7%) 909 (49.5%) 510 (27.8%)  
Heterosexual 574 (19.0%) 123 (21.4%) 200 (34.8%) 251 (43.7%)  
Other 226 (7.5%) 70 (31.0%) 102 (45.1%) 54 (23.9%)  
Race
Non-White 259 (8.6%) 94 (36.3%) 123 (47.5%) 42 (16.2%) <.0001
White 2764 (91.4%) 663 (24.0%) 1239 (44.8%) 862 (31.2%)  
Region of EuroSIDA
South 719 (23.8%) 207 (28.8%) 391 (54.4%) 121 (16.8%) <.0001
West C 437 (14.5%) 162 (37.1%) 224 (51.3%) 51 (11.7%)  
North 353 (11.7%) 129 (36.5%) 186 (52.7%) 38 (10.8%)  
East C 502 (16.6%) 137 (27.3%) 248 (49.4%) 117 (23.3%)  
East 926 (30.6%) 108 (11.7%) 282 (30.5%) 536 (57.9%)  
Argentina 86 (2.8%) 14 (16.3%) 31 (36.0%) 41 (47.7%)  
HBsAg Status
Negative 2719 (89.9%) 681 (25.0%) 1212 (44.6%) 826 (30.4%) 0.0528
Positive 172 (5.7%) 52 (30.2%) 78 (45.3%) 42 (24.4%)  
Unknown 132 (4.4%) 24 (18.2%) 72 (54.5%) 36 (27.3%)  
Taking cART
No 467 (15.4%) 92 (19.7%) 191 (40.9%) 184 (39.4%) <.0001
Yes 2556 (84.6%) 665 (26.0%) 1171 (45.8%) 720 (28.2%)  
HIV RNA Viral Load(Among those taking cART)
<500copies/ml 2302 (90.1%) 645 (28.0%) 1079 (46.9%) 578 (25.1%) <.0001
Interferon Treatment
Previously Exposed 800 (26.5%) 367 (45.9%) 397 (49.6%) 36 (4.5%) <.0001
  1. *P-value from Kruskal-Wallis or Chi-square test
  2. IDU: injecting drug use; MSM: men who have sex with men; HBsAg: hepatitis B surface antigen, cART: combination antiretroviral therapy