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Table 3 Association between different categories of DEC with social demographic data, nutritional status, breast feeding behavior and type of diarrhea (percentage in brackets)

From: Identification of diarrheagenic Escherichia coli isolated from infants and children in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

  EAEC (n = 41) EPEC (n = 13) ETEC (n = 10) Othera (n = 216) Total (n = 280)
Age in months      
0–6 14(27.5)b 7(13.7)b 2(3.9) 28(54.9) 51
7–12 21(15.6) 4(3.0) 5(3.7) 105(77.8) 135
13–24 4(6.0) 2(3.0) 1(1.5) 60(89.6) 67
25–60 2(7.4) 0(0.0) 2(7.4) 24(82.5) 27
Sex      
Boys 25(14.5) 11(6.4) 4(2.3) 132(76.7) 172
Girls 16(14.8) 2(1.9) 6(5.6) 84(77.8) 108
Diarrhea type      
Acute 35(14.9) 10(4.3) 6(2.6) 184(78.3) 235
Persistent 5(12.2) 3(11.1) 2(7.4) 17(63.0) 27
Dysentery 1(2.4) 0(0.0) 2(11.1)c 15(83.3) 18
Exclusive BF d      
Yes 1(16.7) 0(0.0) 0(0.0) 5(83.3) 6
No 13(28.9) 7(15.6) 2(4.4) 23(51.1) 45
Nutritional status      
Normal 25(12.4) 13(6.5)b 4(5.1) 159(79.1) 201
Malnourished 16(20.3) 0(0.0) 6(3.0) 57(72.2) 79
  1. a No DEC found; bP value < 0.05; cThese two patients with dysentery and ETEC strains were co-infected with Shigella species; d"BF" = breast feeding, only calculated for the age group 0–6 months