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Table 5 Risk factors associated with mother-to-child transmission

From: Progress in prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV infection in Ukraine: results from a birth cohort study

  N Odds ratio (95%CI) Adjusted odds ratio (95%CI), pvalue
Premature delivery    
No 1491 1.00 1.00
Yes 144 2.22 (1.44–3.43) p < 0.001 1.43 (0.90–2.28) p = 0.13
Mode of delivery    
Vaginal 964 1.00 1.00
Emergency CS 57 1.44 (0.73–2.86) p = 0.29 1.58 (0.78–3.19) p = 0.20
Elective CS 614 0.42 (0.29–0.61) p < 0.001 0.57 (0.38–0.86) p = 0.007
Antenatal/intrapartum ARVs    
None 110 1.00 1.00
SdNVP 370 0.49 (0.30–0.81) p = 0.006 0.55 (0.33–0.92) p = 0.02
ZDV 280 0.20 (0.11–0.36) p< 0.001 0.28 (0.14–0.53) p < 0.001
ZDV with sdNVP 799 0.26 (0.16–0.42) p < 0.001 0.41 (0.24–0.69) p < 0.001
HAART 76 0.11 (0.03–0.36) p < 0.001 0.16 (0.05–0.54) p = 0.004
IDU history    
No 1266 1.00 1.00
Yes 409 1.79 (1.30–2.47) p < 0.001 1.31 (0.92–1.86) p = 0.13
Breastfeeding    
None 1620 1.00 1.00
Any 15 5.27 (1.85–15.0) p = 0.002 3.07 (1.02–9.24) p = 0.046
  1. 95%CI – 95% confidence interval