Urine cytokines detected in F344 rats inoculated with sterile 10B or
U. parvum. Data represent the mean ± SD of a combination of 5 separate experiments. Urine cytokine concentrations were grouped according to clinical profile, control (n = 6), negative (n = 36), UTI (n = 16), and Struvite (n = 13). P values within each graph were obtained by one-way ANOVA. Fisher's PLSD test revealed that IL-1α, IL-1β, IL-6, and TNF-α concentrations in the struvite group were significantly greater than control, negative, and UTI groups. Fisher's PLSD test revealed IL-10 concentrations in the struvite group were significantly greater than negative and UTI groups.