Skip to main content

Table 5 Agreement and discordance of culture versus Xpert and smear stratified by referral type and HIV status

From: Why being an expert – despite xpert –remains crucial for children in high TB burden settings

  Culture versus Xpert MTB/RIF results Culture versus smear results
  no. with agreement/no. tested PA (%)/NA (%) Overall Agreement (%) Kappa (95% CI) no. with agreement/no. tested Overall Agreement (%) PA (%)/NA (%) Kappa (95% CI)
All children 270/282 45.5/97.8 95.7 0.44 (0.18–0.70) 268/282 95.0 36.4/97.4 0.35 (0.09–0.60)
Inpatient 105/106 66.7/99.5 99.1 0.66 (0.04–1.00) 104/106 98.1 50.0/99.0 0.49 (–0.12–1.00)
Outpatient 165/176 42.1/96.7 93.8 0.40 (0.13–0.67) 164/176 93.2 33.3/96.4 0.31 (0.04–0.59)
HIV positive 160/167 53.3/97.8 95.8 0.52 (0.21–0.82) 157/167 94.0 28.6/96.9 0.27 (−0.04–0.57)
HIV negative 110/115 28.6/97.8 95.7 0.28 (−0.15–0.70) 111/115 96.5 50.0/98.2 0.49 (0.06–0.91)
  1. PA = Positive Agreement, NA = Negative agreement