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Table 1 Clinical presentations of anthrax and Bacillus cereus pneumonia in metalworkers, compared with present report

From: Fatal community-acquired Bacillus cereus pneumonia in an immunocompetent adult man: a case report

  Present case Texas, 2003 [10] Louisiana,1997 [9] Louisiana, 1994 (n = 1) [8] Cases of inhalation anthrax in 2001 (n = 10) [17]
Patient characteristic   Patient 1 Patient 2 Patient 1 Patient 2   
Immunocompromised No No No No No No No
Illicit drug use No No No No No No No
Smoking No No Yes No No No No
Other underlying complications No No No No No No No
No. of days from symptom onset to medical care 1 6–7 8 5 3 2 3.5 (1–7)
Fever/chills No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes 10
Dyspnea Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes 8
Hemoptysis Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes 0
Nausea/vomiting or diarrhea No Yes Yes No No Yes 9
Cough Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes 9
Initial chest radiograph with effusions or infiltrates Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes 10
Initial chest radiograph with widened mediastinum No No No No No No 7
Initial WBC count, cells/mm3 8400 15,100 25,100 26,900 8800 12,000 9800 (7500–13,300)
Hematocrit, % 44.7 61.9 57.4 Not Available 55.9 Not Available 46.0 (42.5–51.4)
  1. Note. Adapted from Table 1 of Avashia SB, Riggins WS, Lindley C, et al. Fatal pneumonia among metalworkers due to inhalation exposure to Bacillus cereus containing Bacillus anthracis toxin genes. Clin Infect Dis 2007;44:414–6. WBC: white blood cell
  2. *Data are median (range)