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Table 2 Women’s Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene (WASH) Knowledge (n = 550)

From: Exploring the complex relationship between women’s sanitation practices and household diarrhea in the slums of Nairobi: a cross-sectional study

Question Summary of Responses Total Population Proportion with Recent Diarrhea
Count % Count % of total sample % for each category
What are the most common effects of drinking unsafe water (more than one answer is acceptable)? Vomiting 39 7.1 1 0.2 2.6
Stomach ache 42 7.6 6 1.1 14.3
Amoeba 64 11.6 13 2.4 20.3
Infection 10 1.8 1 0.2 10.0
Typhoid 168 30.5 36 6.5 21.4
Cholera 185 33.6 42 7.6 22.7
Diarrhea 271 49.3 31 5.6 11.4
Who do you think is most affected by diarrhea (more than one answer is acceptable)? Adults 1 0.2 0 0.0 0.0
Children (under 5) 263 47.8 38 6.9 14.4
Elderly people 25 4.5 6 1.1 24.0
Pregnant women 1 0.2 0 0.0 0.0
Adult men 0 0.0 0 0.0 0.0
Adult women 2 0.4 0 0.0 0.0
Everyone 309 56.2 55 10.0 17.8
Other (specify) 1 0.2 1 0.2 100.0
How does a person get diarrhea (more than one answer is acceptable)? Dirty hands 450 81.8 80 14.5 17.8
It’s part of a child’s growth 60 10.9 8 1.5 13.3
Black magic/witchcraft 32 5.8 5 0.9 15.6
Germs 467 84.9 81 14.7 17.3
Dirty food 473 86.0 81 14.7 17.1
Poor hygiene 454 82.5 79 14.4 17.4
Flies 379 68.9 64 11.6 16.9
Dirty water 449 81.6 80 14.5 17.8
Open defecation/bags/buckets 347 63.1 64 11.6 18.4
Other (specify) 11 2.0 0 0.0 0.0
How can you prevent yourself and your family members from getting diarrhea (more than one answer is acceptable)? Do not know 6 1.1 2 0.4 33.3
Drink clean water 492 89.5 83 15.1 16.9
Wash your food before eating 476 86.5 85 15.5 17.9
Cook foods 344 62.5 46 8.4 13.4
Toilet use 450 81.8 82 14.9 18.2
Treating water 434 78.9 78 14.2 18.0
Washing hands with water and soap/ash 428 77.8 77 14.0 18.0
Covering food 428 77.8 71 12.9 16.6
Avoiding open defecation/bags/buckets 386 70.2 68 12.4 17.6
Going to a traditional healer 18 3.3 3 0.5 16.7
Prayer 71 12.9 9 1.6 12.7
Storing water safely 252 45.8 54 9.8 21.4
Other (specify) 5 0.9 0 0.0 0.0
Kindly give me the key times you usually wash your hands (more than one answer is acceptable)? Never 0 0.0 0 0.0 0.0
Before eating 543 98.7 89 16.2 16.4
After eating 503 91.5 85 15.5 16.9
After defecation 417 75.8 76 13.8 18.2
After urination 300 54.5 59 10.7 19.7
After toilet use 485 88.2 81 14.7 16.7
After handling animals 148 26.9 12 2.2 8.1
After handling babies’ feces/diaper 402 73.1 80 14.5 19.9
After handling rubbish 334 60.7 66 12.0 19.8
When they are visibly dirty 323 58.7 53 9.6 16.4
After handling manure 126 22.9 11 2.0 8.7
Other (specify) 5 0.9 1 0.2 20.0