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Table 2 Responses to questions regarding general knowledge about Zika (n = 75)

From: Knowledge and perceptions of Zika virus transmission in the community of Puerto Plata, Dominican Republic

  Female (n = 48) Male (n = 27) Total (n = 75)
Itema n (%) n (%) n (%)
Who can get Zika?
 Anyone 27 (56.3) 11 (40.7) 38 (50.7)
 Men 3 (6.3) 1 (3.7) 4 (5.3)
 Women 6 (12.5) 1 (3.7) 7 (9.3)
 Pregnant women 2 (4.2) 1 (3.7) 3 (4.0)
 Boys 3 (6.3) 2 (7.4) 5 (6.7)
 Girls 3 (6.3) 3 (11.1) 6 (8.0)
 Don’t know 12 (25.0) 13 (48.1) 25 (33.3)
How do you get Zika?
 Mosquito bite 17 (35.4) 11 (40.7) 28 (37.3)
 Sexual transmission 1 (2.1) 2 (7.4) 3 (4.0)
 Virus 1 (2.1) 1 (3.7) 2 (2.7)
 *Contaminated water 11 (22.9) 6 (22.2) 17 (22.7)
 *Poor hygiene 6 (12.5) 2 (7.4) 8 (10.7)
 *Dirty environment 4 (8.3) 2 (7.4) 6 (8.0)
 *Otherb 1 (2.1) 1 (3.7) 2 (2.7)
 Don’t know 20 (41.7) 10 (37.0) 30 (40.0)
Does everybody who gets Zika show symptoms?
 *Yes 18 (37.5) 10 (37.0) 28 (37.3)
 Maybe 12 (25.0) 2 (7.4) 14 (18.7)
 No 10 (20.8) 10 (37.0) 20 (26.7)
 Don’t know 8 (16.7) 5 (18.5) 13 (17.3)
What are the signs and symptoms of Zika?
 Fever 32 (66.7) 14 (51.9) 46 (61.3)
 Headache 25 (52.1) 12(44.4) 37 (49.3)
 Rash 6 (12.5) 2 (7.4) 8 (10.7)
 Joint pain 16 (33.3) 6 (22.2) 22 (29.3)
 Conjunctivitis (red eyes) 3 (6.3) 1 (3.7) 4 (5.3)
 Diarrhea 15 (31.3) 6 (22.2) 21 (28.0)
 Nausea 24 (50.0) 8 (29.6) 32 (42.7)
 Hemorrhage/bleeding 2 (4.2) 1 (3.7) 3 (4.0)
 Don’t know 9 (18.8) 7 (25.9) 16 (21.3)
Do you think that Zika is an important issue in your community?
 Yes 28 (58.3) 10 (37.0) 38 (50.7)
 Maybe 5 (10.4) 2 (7.4) 7 (9.3)
 No 15 (31.3) 11 (40.7) 26 (34.7)
 Don’t know 0 (0.0) 4 (14.8) 4 (5.3)
What worries or concerns you most about Zika?
 Zika can make you sick 21(43.8) 9 (33.3) 30 (40.0)
 Zika can cause babies to have disabilities 11 (22.9) 3 (11.1) 14 (18.7)
 Zika can cause adults to have disabilities 2 (4.2) 4 (14.8) 6 (8.0)
 Zika can be sexually transmitted 1 (2.1) 0 (0.0) 1 (1.3)
 Zika will cause my child to be sick 3 (6.3) 0 (0.0) 3 (4.0)
 Zika is contagious 6 (12.5) 1 (3.7) 7 (9.3)
 Don’t know 6 (12.5) 10 (37.0) 16 (21.3)
If a pregnant woman has Zika, what are the risks for her fetus/baby?
 Risk of not growing or developing normally in the womb 12 (25.0) 7 (25.9) 19 (25.3)
 Risk of miscarriage 19 (39.6) 5 (18.5) 24 (32.0)
 Risk of being born prematurely 7 (14.6) 4 (14.8) 11 (14.7)
 Risk of being stillborn 13 (27.1) 7 (25.9) 20 (26.7)
 Risk of being born with microcephaly 5 (10.4) 2 (7.4) 7 (9.3)
 Risk of being born with a disability 10 (20.8) 4 (14.8) 14 (18.7)
 Don’t know 15 (31.3) 14 (51.9) 29 (38.7)
All pregnant women should be tested for Zika
 Strongly agree 32 (66.7) 17 (63.0) 49 (65.3)
 Agree 14 (29.2) 8 (29.6) 22 (29.3)
 Disagree 1 (2.1) 2 (7.4) 3 (4.0)
 Strongly disagree 1 (2.1) 0 (0.0) 1 (1.3)
  1. aResponses may not add up to 100% since participants could select multiple response options
  2. bOther includes: larvicides (n = 1) and vaccinations (n = 1)
  3. *Indicates a response that is contrary to fact (i.e., is not supported by scientific evidence)