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Table 3 Distribution of nosocomial MDR A. baumannii and P. aeruginosa infection in different variables of study participants clinically presumptive for nosocomial infection at FHRH, 2018 (n = 238)

From: Multi-drug resistance of blood stream, urinary tract and surgical site nosocomial infections of Acinetobacter baumannii and Pseudomonas aeruginosa among patients hospitalized at Felegehiwot referral hospital, Northwest Ethiopia: a cross-sectional study

VariablesConfirmed rate of Nosocomial infectionP-value
Positive
N (%)
Negative.
N (%)
Total.
N (%)
SexFemale9 (8.3)100 (91.7)109 (45.8) 
Male11 (8.5)118 (91.5)129 (54.2)0.94
Age<  15 (16.1)26 (83.9)31 (13.0) 
1–105 (14.7)29 (85.3)34 (16.4) 
11–201 (3.4)28 (96.6)29 (12.2)0.34
21–302 (4.3)45 (95.7)47 (19.7) 
31–402 (8)23 (92)25 (10.5) 
41–500 (0)21 (100)21 (8.8) 
> 515 (9.8)46 (90.2)51 (21.4) 
ResidenceUrban9 (7.1)117 (92.9)126 (52.9) 
Rural11 (9.8)101 (90.2)112 (47.1)0.46
EducationNon-educated3 (5.8)49 (94.2)52 (27.5) 
Educated8 (5.8)129 (94.2)137 (31.7) 
 Below school age9 (18.4)40 (81.6)49 (20.6)1.00
Type of NIUTI5 (8.3)55 (91.7)60 (25.2) 
SSI2 (6.3)30 (93.8)32 (13.4) 
BSI13 (8.9)133 (91.1)146 (61.3) 
OccupationFarmer0 (0)23 (100)23 (15.2) 
House wife4 (12.9)27 (87.1)31 (20.5)0.20
Government employee5 (8.5)54 (91.5)59 (39.1) 
Private employee0 (0)27 (100)27 (17.9) 
Other1 (9.1)10 (90.9)11 (7.3) 
Unemployed10 (11.5)77 (88.5)87 (36.6) 
Ward of patients hospitalSurgical4 (8.5)43 (91.5)47 (19.7) 
Medical11 (8.1)125 (91.9)136 (80.3) 
ICU5 (9.1)50 (90.9)55 (23.1)0.48
Underlying diseaseYes13 (11.4)101 (88.6)114 (47.9)0.11
No7 (5.6)117 (94.4)124 (52.1) 
Urinary CatheterizationYes9 (7.4)112 (92.6)121 (50.8) 
No11 (9.4)106 (90.6)117 (49.2)0.59
Intravenous CatheterizationYes20 (9.0)201 (91.0)221 (92.9)0.37
No0 (0)17 (100)17 (7.1) 
Previous antibioticsYes14 (9.0)141 (91.0)155 (65.1)0.633
No6 (7.2)77 (92.8)83 (34.9) 
Previous surgeryYes5 (10.2)44 (89.8)49 (20.6)0.61
No15 (7.9)174 (92.1)189 (79.4) 
Total 20 (8.4)218 (91.6)238 (100) 
Mean Age of participants24.929.6 0.035
Duration of hospitalization (days)14.515.7 0.48
Duration of operation (Minutes)180155 0.04
Duration of catheterization (Days)13.611.3 0.25